Chapter 7: Sqoop Tools and Commands

There are some useful Sqoop tools and commands those will help you a lot in your long run. Also, don’t forget to check our Blog section to keep yourself updated with the latest practice and tips on Hadoop.

Let me show you all these Sqoop useful tools and commands one by one.

How to show all the RDBMS database?

Let’s say we have lots of databases in MySQL and we are not sure about the name of those and you need so that you can find a table. In such case, you may want to list all the database available in your relational database.

Sqoop provides ‘list-databases’ command to show all the databases in your MySQL or any other RDBMS. Below is the complete command-

$ sqoop list-databases \

–connect jdbc:mysql://localhost/ \

–username root

How to list all the tables in a Database?

Now suppose you have come to know the database name from above commands and want to find the table name? In such case you can check all the table available inside the database using ‘list-tables’ command and the complete command will be like below-

$ sqoop list-tables \

–connect jdbc:mysql://localhost/empdb \

–username root

Here I have tried to find all the tables available in empdb database.

Sqoop Eval Command

Sqoop Eval command allows user to quickly run user defined SQL queries and get the output on console.

Let’s say we want to execute a simple select query like below-


Then to get the output their itself (I mean without going into MySQL), using below command and Sqoop Eval function.

$ sqoop eval \

–connect jdbc:mysql://localhost/empdb \

–username root \

–query “SELECT * FROM emp LIMIT 3”

Similarly if you want to insert a particular record into the MySQL table then you can do this using Sqoop-eval command like below-

$ sqoop eval \

–connect jdbc:mysql://localhost/empdb \

–username root \

–query “INSERT INTO emp VALUES (105,‘Raj’,‘Sales’,1500,‘Google’)”

Sqoop Codegen command

By default, every database has one DAO class. DAO class contains getter and setter methods to initialize the object.

Sqoop Codegen command generates DAO class automatically. It generates DAO class in Java, based on the Table Schema structure.

For example, let’s generate the Java code for ‘emp’ table in empdb database-

$ sqoop codegen \

–connect jdbc:mysql://localhost/empdb \

–username root \

–table emp

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